Industry News Coverage
Below is a comprehensive monthly review of the news and other media's coverage of CVE. A brief summary of each news item is listed with its title, author (if identified), date, and media source.
ThreatPost, May 27, 2015
CVE is mentioned throughout a May 27, 2015 article entitled "Apple Fixes WebKit Vulnerabilities in Safari Browser" on ThreatPost. The main topic of the article is that "Apple has updated its Safari browser, fixing a handful of exploitable WebKit flaws in various versions of Safari. WebKit is the core layout engine responsible for rendering webpages in the Safari browser."
CVE is first mentioned when the author states: "The first bulletin, vulnerabilities uncovered by Apple, resolves multiple memory corruption issues in Webkit. On unpatched systems, an attacker could exploit CVE-2015-1152, CVE-2015-1153 and CVE-2015-1154 by compelling a user to visit a malicious website, which, in turn, could lead to an unexpected application termination or arbitrary code execution. Apple resolved the problem with improved memory handling."
CVE is mentioned a second time when the author states: "The second bulletin resolves just one vulnerability, CVE-2015-1155, which …emerged from a state management problem in Safari that allowed unprivileged origins to access filesystem contents. This was exploitable if a user were compelled to visit a specially created webpage, after which the attacker could access filesystem information. Apple resolved this … through improved state management."
Christian Science Monitor, May 22, 2015
CVE is mentioned in a May 22, 2015 article entitled "What the security industry can learn from the World Health Organization" on Christian Science Monitor. The main topic of the article is about how the "discovery of computer bugs can be marketing boons for cybersecurity firms. But one critic says the industry should take a page from the health profession and select names for flaws that aren't designed to stoke fear or generate buzz."
The author then discusses how some of the recent named bugs have been more about marketing and less about how serious they are, such as "VENOM," (i.e., CVE-2015-3456) which National Vulnerability Database ranks "…between medium and high risk – a 7.5 out of 10. But this year alone, it has listed nearly 800 bugs as high risk, and there is no shortage of 10s. Many of those involve extraordinarily popular software programs such major operating systems and Web browsers."
The article also includes a quote from Chris Eng, vice president of research at Veracode, who says: "What ends up happening is named vulnerabilities get more attention regardless of how much they deserve it. The intuition is, if it's branded, it's more dangerous."
The author continues: "Mr. Eng suggests that, in an ideal world, the industry could go back to the old days, and refer to vulnerabilities by their Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures numbers. "They're only eight numbers," he says. "They aren’t that hard to remember. And the first four are the year."
Visit CVE-2015-3456 to learn more about "VENOM."
SecurityWeek, May 21, 2015
CVE was mentioned in a May 21, 2015 article entitled "Hundreds of Cloud Services Potentially Vulnerable to Logjam Attacks: Skyhigh" on SecurityWeek. The main topic of the article is the "Logjam vulnerability, which is similar to the FREAK bug, is caused due to the way the Diffie-Hellman (DHE) key exchange has been deployed. The flaw can be exploited by a man-in-the-middle (MitM) attacker to downgrade TLS connections to weak, export-grade crypto, and gain access to the data passing through the connection."
CVE is mentioned when the author states: "Logjam (CVE-2015-4000) affects all servers that support 512-bit export-grade cryptography and all modern web browsers, for which patches are being released. The vulnerability initially affected over 8 percent of the top 1 million HTTPS websites, and more than 3 percent of the browser trusted sites."
Visit CVE-2015-4000 to learn more about "Logjam."
ZDNet, May 20, 2015
CVE is mentioned in a May 20, 2015 article entitled "NetUSB flaw leaves 'millions' of routers, IoT devices vulnerable to hacking" on ZDNet. The main topic of the article is that "Potentially millions of routers and Internet-of-Things devices have been placed at risk of hijacking due to a stack buffer overflow security flaw."
CVE is mentioned when the author states: "…the vulnerability,CVE-2015-3036, allows for an unauthenticated attacker on a local network to trigger a kernel stack buffer overflow which causes denial-of-service or permits remote code execution. In addition, some router configurations may allow remote attacks."
The author also explains how millions of routers and Internet of Things (IoT) devices could be affected: "KCode-developed NetUSB, used in a plethora of popular routers available commercially, is used to provide USB over IP functionality. USB devices including printers and flash drivers, plugged into a Linux-based system, can be granted network access over TCP port 20005 through the technology. Routers, access points and dedicated USB over IP boxes often use this proprietary software."
Visit CVE-2015-3036 to learn more about the issue cited above.
SC Magazine, May 14, 2015
CVE was mentioned in a May 14, 2015 article entitled "DHS adds more bug disclosures to Hospira drug pump alert, FDA joins call" on SC Magazine. The main topic of the article is warnings by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that "[Hospira] infusion pumps were vulnerable to remotely exploitable bugs."
CVE is mentioned when the author states: "Last Tuesday, DHS' ICS-CERT told Hospira LifeCare PCA Infusion System users that an improper authorization flaw and insufficient verification of data authenticity vulnerability affected the product. But, on Wednesday, the CERT decided to amend its advisory to include more vulnerabilities afflicting versions 5 and 3 of the drug pumps. In a Wednesday blog post, Patrick Coyle, a chemical security and cybersecurity expert in Texas, explained that the updated DHS alert followed his and OXTECH Security's warnings about other vulnerabilities which could allow hardcoded passwords to be used for device access (CVE-2015-1011), and exposed sensitive information, like stored credentials, to unauthorized parties in clear text (CVE-2015-1012)."
CVE is mentioned a second time when the author states: "The hardcoded password issue (CVE-2015-1011) was assigned a CVSS (Common Vulnerability Scoring System) base score of 10, and the bug allowing clear text storage of sensitive information (CVE-2015-1012) was assigned a base score of 6.4."
CVE Identifier "CVE-2015-3456" Cited in Numerous Security Advisories and News Media References about the VENOM Vulnerability, May 2015
"CVE-2015-3456" is cited in numerous major advisories, posts, and news media references related to the recent VENOM vulnerability, including the following examples:
Other news articles may be found by searching on "CVE-2015-3456" using your preferred search engine. Also, the CVE Identifier page https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2015-3456 includes a list of advisories used as references.
TechWeekEurope, May 18, 2015
CVE is mentioned throughout a May 18, 2015 article entitled "What Can We Learn From Our Cyber Security Mistakes?" on TechWeekEurope. The main topic of the article is how "In the last 12 months the threat landscape expanded into the network infrastructure itself, with a multitude of hidden vulnerabilities revealed deep within the code base of age-old popular protocols like Bash, OpenSSL, SSLv3. The likes of Shellshock, Heartbleed and Poodle highlighted the brittle nature of infrastructure standards and pushed businesses into action to deploy rapid risk assessment and apply mitigation methods to prevent exploitation and data theft."
CVE is mentioned thought the article in reference to the specific vulnerabilities discussed, when the author states: "The first major indication of the fragility in existing infrastructures came one year ago with the OpenSSL Heartbleed vulnerability (CVE-2014-0160). Heartbleed exposed the memory of systems using vulnerable versions of OpenSSL." "Five months later, in September 2014, IT teams already reeling from Heartbleed had to face up to the even bigger challenge of mitigating Bash Shellshock (CVE-2014-6271). The 25-year-old vulnerability allowed for remote execution of arbitrary commands via crafted environment variables. Within days of the public announcement, proof-of-concept code was widely published and attackers were dropping malware onto vulnerable servers." "A few weeks later the SSLv3 Poodle (CVE-2014-3566) weakness surfaced, posing a serious data theft risk to secure communications using the SSL standard. This also highlighted widespread use of older standards, even while newer and more secure standard options were available."
The author concludes the article by stating: "Businesses must ensure they conduct regular reviews of their mission-critical systems using legacy technologies for potential risk and upgrade opportunities … Security professionals must also ensure they stay up to date with streams of threat intelligence and conversations that will reveal newly discovered potential vulnerabilities, by subscribing to security news feeds, reading blogs and networking with peers at any opportunity."
Visit CVE-2014-0160 to learn about "Heartbleed"; CVE-2014-6271, CVE-2014-7169, CVE-2014-7186, CVE-2014-7187, CVE-2014-6277, and CVE-2014-6278 to learn more about "Bash Shellshock"; and CVE-2014-3566 to learn more about "POODLE".
F-Secure Website, April 23, 2015
CVE-IDs are mentioned throughout F-Secure's "Threat Report H2 2014" to uniquely identify many of the vulnerabilities referenced in the report text. According to F-Secure's New F-Secure Report Warns of Growth in Extortion Malware press release on April 23, 2015, the report describes how "New research from cyber security firm F-Secure points to an increase in the amount of malware designed to extort money from unsuspecting mobile phone and PC users. According to the new Threat Report, malware such as premium SMS message sending trojans and ransomware continue to spread, making them a notable presence in today's digital threat landscape."
According to the press release, "259 out of the total 574 known variants of the SmsSend family were identified in the latter half of 2014, making it the fastest growing family of mobile malware. SmsSend generates profits for criminals by infecting Android devices with a trojan that sends SMS messages to premium-rate numbers. Ransomware also continued to plague mobile users, with the Koler and Slocker families of ransomware identified as the top threats to Android devices."
The report also provides a top 10 malware list for PCs for the second half of 2014. As stated in the press release, "PCs also saw an increase in ransomware detections, with the Browlock ransomware family entering the top 10 threats identified in the report. Other notable threats in the top 10 include more established malware families, such as the Conficker/Downadup worm, the Sality virus, and the various strains of the Ramnit virus. These three families collectively account for 55% of the total detections in the top 10 list."
The free report is available for download at https://www.f-secure.com/documents/996508/1030743/Threat_Report_H2_2014.
SC Magazine, April 21, 2015
CVE is mentioned in an April 21, 2015 article entitled "RSA: Thousands of Android apps found to be vulnerable" on SC Magazine. The main topic of that article is US-CERT's use of an automated system to test Android apps for vulnerabilities: "[CERT Tapioca] is basically an MITM (man in the middle) kit, checking the traffic between the client and server, seeing it make a valid SSL handshake and identifying if the client has invalid SSL." CVE is referenced as "the de facto standard for tracking vulnerabilities in applications…" and CVE's coverage goals, which are determined by the CVE Editorial Board, are discussed with regard to Android apps.
Dell Tech Page One Blog, April 17, 2015
CVE and CVSS are the main topics of an April 17, 2015 article entitled "How to Get the CVSS Right" on Dell's Tech Page One Blog. The main topic of the article is how to use the "Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) … a free and open industry standard for assessing the severity of computer system security vulnerabilities. Currently in version 2, with an update in version 3 in development, CVSS attempts to establish a measure of how much concern a vulnerability warrants, compared to other vulnerabilities, so efforts can be prioritized. The scores are based on a series of measurements, called metrics. The scores range from 0 to 10. High vulnerabilities are those with a base score in the range 7.0-10.0, medium in 4.0-6.9 and 0-3.9 are low."
CVE is mentioned at the beginning of the article, when the author states: "For anyone dealing with software vulnerabilities, the CVE and CVSS are often their first stops in finding out the scope and details, and just about everything else they need to know about the specific vulnerability."
A CVSS calculator for scoring CVE-IDs is available on the U.S. National Vulnerability Database at https://nvd.nist.gov/cvss.cfm?calculator&adv&version=2#score.
ADTMag.com, April 17, 2015
CVE is mentioned in an April 17, 2015 article entitled "Oracle Releases 14 Java Security Patches, Last Patch Update for Java 7" on Application Development Trends Magazine. The main topic of the article is that "Oracle's latest quarterly Critical Patch Update (CPU) includes 98 fixes for vulnerabilities in Oracle products, including 14 that address Java SE issues."
CVE is mentioned at the beginning of the article, as follows: "Three of the Java vulnerabilities identified (CVE-2015-0469, CVE-2015-0459, and CVE-2015-0491), earned a CVSS score of 10.0, the highest, and thus, the most severe on that scale. Vulnerabilities of that level of severity can be exploited over the network without authentication and can lead to a full compromise of the system's confidentiality and integrity. Oracle uses the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) to provide an open and standardized rating of the security holes it finds in its products."
In addition, Oracle is a CVE Numbering Authority (CNA), assigning CVE-IDs for Oracle issues. CNAs are major OS vendors, security researchers, and research organizations that assign CVE-IDs newly discovered issues without directly involving MITRE in the details of the specific vulnerabilities, and include the CVE-ID numbers in the first public disclosure of the vulnerabilities.
Computerworld, April 15, 2015
CVE is mentioned in an April 15, 2015 article entitled "90% of security incidents trace back to PEBKAC and ID10T errors" on Computerworld. The main topic of the article is that "90% of security incidents are still caused by [problem exists between keyboard and chair (PEBKAC)] and ID10T errors, according to Verizon's 2015 Data Breach Investigations Report. Phishing attacks are a prime example of how the problem exists between keyboard and user as the DBIR said it takes a mere one minute and 22 seconds after a phishing email is sent before the first victim clicks on the tainted link."
CVE is first mentioned when the author states: "According to the report, "99.9% of the exploited vulnerabilities had been compromised more than a year after the associated CVE was published." It's a mistake for any vulnerability management program to ignore the really old CVEs (Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures) since some successful cyberattacks in 2014 exploited vulnerabilities dating back to 1999. A good vulnerability management program should include a "broad coverage of the 'oldies but goodies.' Just because a CVE gets old doesn't mean it goes out of style with the exploit crowd."
CVE is mentioned again when the author quotes the report, as follows: "Ten CVEs account for almost 97% of the exploits observed in 2014," the report states. "While that's a pretty amazing statistic, don't be lulled into thinking you've found an easy way out of the vulnerability remediation rodeo. Prioritization will definitely help from a risk-cutting perspective, but beyond the top 10 are 7 million other exploited vulnerabilities that may need to be ridden down."
CVE is mentioned a third time, as follows: "Yet Verizon pointed out that other than the CVSS (Common Vulnerability Scoring System) score, there is another attribute of a "critical" vulnerability. "If a vulnerability gets a cool name in the media, it probably falls into this 'critical vulnerability' label." Examples from 2014 included Heartbleed, POODLE, Schannel and Sandworm – all of which were "exploited within a month of CVE publication date."
CSO.com, April 15, 2015
CVE is mentioned in an April 15, 2015 article entitled "Adobe patches vulnerabilities in ColdFusion, Flex and Flash Player, including a zero-day flaw" on CSO. The main topic of the article is that "Adobe Systems released security patches Tuesday for ColdFusion, Flex and Flash Player, the latter addressing a flaw for which is an exploit is already available."
CVE is mentioned when the author states: "One of the flaws, tracked as CVE-2015-3043 in the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) database, has been known by attackers since before Adobe released its latest patches. This makes it a so-called zero-day vulnerability -- a flaw for which a fix was not yet available when it began being exploited. "Adobe is aware of a report that an exploit for CVE-2015-3043 exists in the wild, and recommends users update their product installations to the latest versions," the company said in a security advisory."
Visit CVE-2015-3043 to learn more about the issue cited above.
eWeek, April 14, 2015
CVE is mentioned in an April 14, 2015 article entitled "Verizon Data Breach Study Finds Little Change in Attack Patterns" on eWeek. The main topic of the article is that "Verizon's 2015 Data Breach Investigations Report (DBIR), released today, finds that little has changed in the threat landscape since the 2014 report came out. Overall, the 2015 DBIR received data from 79,790 security events, of which 2,122 were confirmed data breaches. In contrast, the 2014 report was based on data upon 63,437 security incidents, of which 1,367 were confirmed data breaches. As was the case in the 2014 report, Verizon has identified nine basic attack patterns into which nearly all attacks can be categorized: point-of-sale (POS) intrusions, Web application attacks, insider misuse, theft and loss, miscellaneous errors, crimeware, payment-card skimmers, denial-of-service attacks and cyber-espionage."
CVE is mentioned at the conclusion of the article, when the author states: "Verizon's analysis also shows that not every vulnerability is exploited. There are some 67,567 vulnerabilities with a CVE (Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures) designation, but only 792 of them were exploited in 2014."
SC Magazine, April 14, 2015
CVE is mentioned in an April 14, 2015 article entitled "Microsoft addresses 26 vulnerabilities, some critical, on Patch Tuesday" on SC Magazine. CVE is first mentioned in a quote by Qualys, Inc. CTO Wolfgang Kandek, who states: "CVE-2015-1641 is [a remote code execution] 0-day and is currently under limited attacks in the wild on Word 2010. It applies equally to Word 2007, 2012 and even to Word 2011 on the Mac. Microsoft rates it only "important" because the exploit requires the user to open a malicious file."
CVE is mentioned again when the author states: "Two other critical remote code execution vulnerabilities addressed in the Office bulletin are CVE-2015-1649 and CVE-2015-1651, which Kandek wrote are triggered in Office 2007 and Office 2010 by simply looking at an email in the Outlook preview pane. Another critical bulletin addresses a vulnerability in the HTTP protocol stack – CVE-2015-1635 – that can enable remote code execution if an attacker sends a specially crafted HTTP request to an affected Windows system, according to a Tuesday release. Windows 7, Windows 8 and 8.1, Windows Server 2008 R2, and Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2 are affected."
CVE is mentioned a third time, when the author states: "The final critical bulletin addresses a vulnerability – CVE-2015-1645 – that can allow for remote code execution if a user browses to a specially crafted website, opens a specially crafted file, or browses to a working directory containing a specially crafted Enhanced Metafile image file, the release indicated."
eWeek.com, April 10, 2015
CVE is mentioned in an April 9, 2015 article entitled "Apple Patches Critical Backdoor Flaw in OS X 10.10.3" on eWeek. CVE is first mentioned when the author states: Among the security issues patched in OS X 10.10.3 is a security vulnerability in its administration framework. The issue, identified as CVE-2015-1130, was reported by security researcher Emile Kvarnhammar, CEO at TrueSec. … While Apple has now fixed the CVE-2015-1130 in the 10.10.3 update for users of Apple's Yosemite OS 10.10 operating system, older OS X systems are also at risk."
CVE is mentioned a second time, when the author states: "Apple also has nine patches in OS X 10.10.3 for various OS X kernel vulnerabilities. Among the patched kernel flaws is CVE-2015-1103, which was discovered by Zimperium Mobile Security Labs. According to Apple's advisory, the flaw could have enabled an attacker to redirect user traffic to arbitrary hosts."
CVE is mentioned a third time, when the author states: "Apple is also providing its OS X users with the Safari 8.0.5 update. Seven security updates in the Safari browser are specifically for the WebKit rendering engine. One particularly nasty flaw fixed in Safari is CVE-2015-1129, an SSL/TLS tracking issue. According to Apple, the vulnerability could have enabled users to be tracked by malicious Websites using client certificates."
Websense, Inc. Website, April 8, 2015
According to Websense's Websense 2015 Threat Report: Cybercrime Gets Easier, Attribution Gets Harder, Quality over Quantity and Old becomes the New press release on April 8, 2015, the report "looks at how threat actors are gaining capabilities through the adoption of cutting-edge tools instead of technical expertise. Redirect chains, code recycling and a host of other techniques are allowing these actors to remain anonymous, making attribution time consuming, difficult and ultimately unreliable. Widespread use of older standards in lieu of newer and more secure options continues to leave systems vulnerable and exposed. A brittle infrastructure allows threats to expand into the network framework itself, including the code base of Bash, OpenSSL, and SSLv3."
According to the press release, "In 2014, 99.3 percent of malicious files used a Command & Control URL that has been previously used by one or more other malware samples. In addition, 98.2 percent of malware authors used C&C's found in five other types of malware."
The report also states that "Threat actors are blending old tactics, such as macros, in unwanted emails with new evasion techniques. Old threats are being "recycled" into new threats launched through email and web channels, challenging the most robust defensive postures. Email, the leading attack vector a decade ago, remains a very potent vehicle for threat delivery, despite the now dominant role of the web in cyberattacks. For example: In 2014, 81 percent of all email scanned by Websense was identified as malicious. This number is up 25 percent against the previous year. Websense also detected 28 percent of malicious email messages before an anti-virus signature became available."
The free report is available for download at http://www.websense.com/content/websense-2015-threat-report.aspx?intcmp=hp-promo-en-2015-threat-report.
Google, Inc., April 2, 2015
CVE-IDs are mentioned throughout Google, Inc.'s "Google Report Android Security 2014 Year in Review" to uniquely identify many of the vulnerabilities referenced in the report text. According to Google's Android Security State of the Union 2014 blog post on April 2, 2015, the report "analyzes billions (!) of data points gathered every day during 2014 and provides comprehensive and in-depth insight into security of the Android ecosystem. We hope this will help us share our approaches and data-driven decisions with the security community in order to keep users safer and avoid risk."
Google is a CVE Numbering Authority (CNA), assigning CVE-IDs for Chrome, Chrome OS, and Android Open Source Project issues. CNAs are major OS vendors, security researchers, and research organizations that assign CVE-IDs newly discovered issues without directly involving MITRE in the details of the specific vulnerabilities, and include the CVE-ID numbers in the first public disclosure of the vulnerabilities.
The free report is available for download at http://googleonlinesecurity.blogspot.com/2015/04/android-security-state-of-union-2014.html.
CVE Identifier "CVE-2015-0932" Cited in Numerous Security Advisories and News Media References about a Zero-Day Hotel Wi-Fi Network Vulnerability, March 2015
"CVE-2015-0932" is cited in numerous major advisories, posts, and news media references related to a zero-day hotel Wi-Fi network vulnerability, including the following examples:
Other news articles may be found by searching on "CVE-2015-0932" using your preferred search engine. Also, the CVE Identifier page https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2015-0932 includes a list of advisories used as references.
ZDNet, March 31, 2015
CVE is mentioned in a March 31, 2015 article entitled "Reconnaissance malware wave strikes energy sector: Symantec says a new Trojan-based campaign, focused on the Middle East, is targeting the energy industry and its trade secrets" on ZDNet. CVE is mentioned when the author states: "Symantec says the initial attack vector stems from the moneytrans[.]eu domain, which acts as an SMTP server. Emails sent from this domain contain a malicious file containing an exploit for the Microsoft Windows Common Controls ActiveX Control Remote Code Execution Vulnerability (CVE-2012-0158). Once a victim clicks on the email and opens the attachment -- usually in the guise of an Excel file -- Laziok is dropped."
Visit CVE-2012-0158 to learn more about the issue cited above.
TheRegister.com, March 24, 2015
CVE is mentioned in a March 24, 2015 article entitled "Wind turbine blown away by control system vulnerability: Cross-site request forgery flaw takes the wind out of renewable energy" on The Register.
CVE is mentioned at the beginning of the article, when the author states: "It had to happen, we suppose: since even a utility-grade wind turbine might ship with a handy Webby control interface, someone was bound to do it badly. That's what's emerged in a new ICS-CERT advisory: CVE-2015-0985 details how turbines from US manufacturer XZERES allow the user name and password to be retrieved from the company's 442 SR turbine. As the advisory notes, "This exploit can cause a loss of power for all attached systems". The turbine in question is, according to the company, "deployed across the energy sector" worldwide."
Visit CVE-2015-0985 for more information about this issue.
NetworkWorld, March 10, 2015
CVE is mentioned in a March 10, 2015 article entitled "March 2015 Patch Tuesday: 5 of 14 rated Critical and Microsoft issues a fix for FREAK" on NetworkWorld. CVE is mentioned when the author quotes Tripwire, Inc. security researcher Craig Young, as follows: "While Microsoft's fix to nix the FREAK attack seems to be getting all the love, "enterprises should know by now the importance of patching critical Office and Explorer vulnerabilities; MS15-027, a NETLOGON spoofing vulnerability, could be just as important to an enterprise," [Young] added. "The underlying vulnerability, CVE-2015-0005, could enable a successful attacker to move deeper into a network after breaching a workstation through a separate attack. For example an intruder could use the Office defect to gain low-level access into a network and then use impersonation techniques leveraging CVE-2015-0005 to further penetrate the network. The risk of APT and insider threat make it imperative that enterprises patch their domain controllers with MS15-027 immediately."
Visit CVE-2015-0005 to learn more about the issue cited above.
eWeek, March 10, 2015
CVE is mentioned throughout a March 10, 2015 article entitled "Stuxnet Flaw Finally Gets Patched After More Than 4 Years" on eWeek. CVE is mentioned when the author states: "The Stuxnet worm was an exploit that was used against a nuclear facility in Iran back in 2010, in part by taking advantage of a vulnerability in Windows. The vulnerability that enabled Stuxnet was identified as CVE-2010-2568, which was thought to have been patched by Microsoft in October 2010. More than four years later, Hewlett-Packard's (HP) Zero Day Initiative (ZDI) has discovered that the CVE-2010-2568 fix was not, in fact, complete and the underlying vulnerability has remained exploitable the whole time."
CVE is mentioned a second time when the author notes that a second CVE Identifier has been issued: "The proof-of-concept code exploits that HP's ZDI provided to Microsoft on the security flaw were designed to bypass the validation checks put in place by MS10-046, the bulletin released in 2010 to patch CVE-2010-2568, [vulnerability research manager for HP Security Research Brian Gorenc said]. Rather than update the CVE-2010-2568 vulnerability information, a new identifier has been assigned with CVE 2015-0096 to encompass the expanded impact."
CVE is mentioned a third time in another quote by Gorenc, who states: "CVE-2015-0096 is a vulnerability in the Microsoft Windows operating system that allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code by having the target simply browse to a directory containing a malicious .LNK file. The patch for CVE-2010-2568 did not completely address the issues present in the Windows Shell, and the weaknesses left are now being resolved five years later as CVE-2015-0096."
CVE Identifier "CVE-2011-2461" Cited in Numerous Security Advisories and News Media References about a Still Exploitable 4-Year-Old Adobe Flex Vulnerability, March 2015
"CVE-2011-2461" is cited in numerous major advisories, posts, and news media references related to a still exploitable four-year-old Adobe Flex vulnerability, including the following examples:
Other news articles may be found by searching on "CVE-2011-2461" using your preferred search engine. Also, the CVE Identifier page https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2011-2461 includes a list of advisories used as references.
CVE Identifiers "CVE-2015-0204" and
"CVE-2015-0291" Cited in Numerous Security Advisories and News Media References about the FREAK Vulnerability,
Other news articles may be found by searching on "CVE-2015-0204" and "CVE-2015-0291" using your preferred search engine. Also, the CVE Identifier pages https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2015-0204 and https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2015-0291 each includes a list of advisories used as references.
SANS Website, February 2015
CVE and Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) are mentioned in the survey results from SANS' s February 2015 "Cyber Threat Intelligence: Who's Using it and How?"report.
CVE and CWSS are cited in a survey respondent quote in the "CTI Standards and Tools" section: "While it is not the biggest issue being encountered, a shortage of standards and interoperability around feeds, context and detection may become more problematic as more organizations add more sources of [Cyber Threat Intelligence (CTI)] into their detection and response programs. Without the proper standardization of CTI feed information, organizations could still miss indicators of compromise.
"Vulnerability data from the infrastructure side and the web application side could be better standardized. CVE and CVSS are great places to start by providing taxonomy and common nomenclature, and they provide a great way to quickly name/categorize a finding so multiple analysts from different organizations are speaking about the same finding/weakness," says David Screws, director of security engineering at Equifax."
Read the full report at https://www.sans.org/reading-room/whitepapers/analyst/who-039-s-cyberthreat-intelligence-how-35767.
TheRegister.com, February 26, 2015
CVE is mentioned in a February 26, 2015 article entitled "Firefox 36 swats bugs, adds HTTP2 and gets certifiably serious: Three big bads, six medium messes and 1024-bit certs all binned in one release" on The Register. CVE is mentioned when the author states: "Mozilla has outfoxed three critical and six high severity flaws in its latest round of patches for its flagship browser. It stomps out memory safety bugs, exploitable use-after-free crashes, and a buffer overflow. Of the critical crashes, bad guys could potentially craft attacks targeting MP4 video playback through a buffer overflow in the libstagefright library (CVE-2015-0829). Another potential exploitable crash that is unlikely to be a threat in email clients where scripting was disabled centres on a use-after-free flaw for specific web content with IndexedDB (CVE-2015-0831). The third are a bunch of memory bugs (CVE-2015-0836) (CVE-2015-0835) Mozilla and its fans found in the engine behind the company's products including Firefox browser that dedicated attackers could probably exploit, given enough coffee."
TheRegister.com, February 24, 2015
CVE is mentioned in a February 24, 2015 article entitled "Samb-AAAHH! Scary remote execution vuln spotted in Windows-Linux interop code" on The Register. CVE is mentioned at the outset of the article when the author states: "Linux admins were sent scrambling to patch their boxes on Monday after a critical vulnerability was revealed in Samba, the open source Linux-and-Windows-compatibility software. The bug, which has been designated CVE-2015-0240, lies in the smbd file server daemon. Samba versions 3.5.0 through 4.2.0rc4 are affected, the Samba Project said in a security alert. An attacker who successfully exploits the flaw could potentially execute code remotely with root privileges, the project's developers warned. Root access is automatic and no login or authentication is necessary."
Visit CVE-2015-0240 to learn more about this issue.
SCMagazine.com, February 23, 2015
CVE is mentioned in a February 23, 2015 article entitled "Older vulnerabilities a top enabler of breaches, according to report" on SC Magazine about the "HP Cyber Risk Report 2015". CVE is mentioned at the outset of the article when the author states: "Organizations are not properly patching their systems and networks, according to the HP Cyber Risk Report 2015, which took a look back at the threat landscape in 2014 and noted that 44 percent of known breaches were possible due to vulnerabilities identified years ago. Accounting for 33 percent of identified exploit samples in 2014 is CVE-2010-2568, a popular Microsoft Windows vulnerability that was used as one of the infection vectors for Stuxnet, Jewel Timpe, senior manager of threat research at HP Security Research, told SCMagazine.com on Monday." CVE is mentioned a second time when the author states: "The report shows that CVE-2010-0188, a vulnerability in Adobe Reader and Acrobat, accounted for 11 percent of exploit samples in 2014. Six Oracle Java bugs identified in 2012 and 2013 also made the top ten list, as well as two Microsoft Office flaws – one identified in 2009 and the other in 2012."
TechWorld.com.com, February 23, 2015
CVE-IDs are used throughout a February 23, 2015 article entitled "The top software exploit of 2014? The Stuxnet XP flaw from 2010, reckons HP" on TechWorld.com to uniquely identify the vulnerabilities discussed. CVE is mentioned at the very beginning of the article when the author states: "For cyber-attackers, the old flaws are still the best, according to HP's Cyber Risk Report 2014 and it has a startling piece of evidence to back up its claim – the most commonly exploited software vulnerability for last year was the infamous .lnk flaw in Windows XP made famous by Stuxnet in the distant summer of 2010. Designated CVE-2010-2568, this on its own accounted for a third of all exploits the firm detected being used against its customers, just ahead of the even older CVE-2010-0188, a flaw in Adobe's Reader and Acrobat, responsible for 11 percent of exploits." Other CVE-IDs discussed in the article include CVE-2009-3129 for a Microsoft Office issue; CVE-2014-0322 and CVE-2014-0307, both for Internet Explorer issues, and CVE-2013-4787 for the Android Master Key vulnerability. An illustrated chart is also included with the article listing 10 security flaws, each of which is identified by its CVE-ID number.
HP Website, February 23, 2015
CVE-IDs are cited throughout Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.'s "HP Cyber Risk Report 2015" to uniquely identify many of the vulnerabilities referenced in the report text and charts. In addition, CVE-IDs are a main topic in the "Vulnerabilities and exploits" section of the report, regarding the following discussions: "Top CVE-2014 numbers collected in 2014," "Top CVE-2014 for malware attacks," and "Top CVE numbers seen in 2014."
According to HP's "Security Threat Landscape Still Plagued by Known Issues, says HP" press release issued on February 23, 2015, the report provides "in-depth threat research and analysis around the most pressing security issues plaguing the enterprise during the previous year and indicating likely trends for 2015. Authored by HP Security Research, the report examines the data indicating the most prevalent vulnerabilities that leave organizations open to security risks. This year's report reveals that well-known issues and misconfigurations contributed to the most formidable threats in 2014."
In addition, HP is a CVE Numbering Authority (CNA), assigning CVE-IDs for HP issues. CNAs are major OS vendors, security researchers, and research organizations that assign CVE-IDs newly discovered issues without directly involving MITRE in the details of the specific vulnerabilities, and include the CVE-ID numbers in the first public disclosure of the vulnerabilities.
The free report is available for download at http://www8.hp.com/us/en/software-solutions/cyber-risk-report-security-vulnerability/index.html?jumpid=reg_r1002_usen_c-001_title_r0001. You must fill-out a form to download the report.
Techlicious.com, February 18, 2015
CVE is mentioned in a February 18, 2015 article entitled "The Best Mac Security Software" on Techlicious. CVE is mentioned when the author states: "Many Mac owners may be under the impression that their computers don't need antivirus protection. They're inherently safer, right? While there are fewer Trojan horses, viruses and worms designed to attack Macs than PCs, that doesn't mean they're immune to infection. … In fact, a serious threat to Macs was verified as recently as December 2014, according to the National Vulnerability Database. To combat this threat, Apple issued its first ever automatic security update for Mac computers in December. (Previously, Mac users would initiate the security updates themselves.) The bug, CVE-2014-9295, could enable hackers to gain remote control of machines through a vulnerability with the network time protocol, or NTP, which synchronizes a computer's clock. It was serious enough that Apple didn’t want to wait for users to fix it themselves, according to Reuters."
Visit CVE-2014-9295 to learn more about this issue.
AndroidHeadlines.com, February 18, 2015
CVE is mentioned in a February 18, 2015 article entitled "NowSecure Provides Fix For Serious Vulnerabilities Found In 80 Percent Of Samsung Devices Last Year" on Android Headlines. CVE is mentioned at the outset of the article, when the author states: "A major vulnerability, named "Corrupdate" because of the methods used to gain access to a pair of system applications from Samsung, has been announced; it affects nearly 80% of all Samsung Android devices including the Galaxy S5 and Note 4. The vulnerability was discovered by security researchers Ryan Welton and Jake Van Dyke of NowSecure. NowSecure, a mobile security vendor, reported the issues to Samsung and assisted with creating a patch for the affected devices. They also have confirmed that the patch that was created has appeared to work. This vulnerability affects The Samsung Account and Samsung GALAXY Applications or on some devices may be called Samsung Apps and Samsung Updates, and because they are system applications, they cannot be uninstalled. For those of you who track vulnerabilities, GALAXY Apps has been assigned CVE-2015-0863 and Samsung Account has been assigned CVE-2015-0864."
CVE Cited in News Media References and Posts about Google's Updated Vulnerability Disclosure Policy, February 13, 2015
CVE is included in Google Inc.'s refined Vulnerability Disclosure Policy, as described in a February 13, 2015 blog post entitled "Feedback and data-driven updates to Google's disclosure policy" on its Project Zero blog. CVE is mentioned as bullet 3 of 3 as improvements to the policy, as follows: "Assignment of CVEs. CVEs are an industry standard for uniquely identifying vulnerabilities. To avoid confusion, it's important that the first public mention of a vulnerability should include a CVE. For vulnerabilities that go past deadline, we'll ensure that a CVE has been pre-assigned."
Release of the updated policy also resulted in CVE being cited in numerous major news media references and posts, including the following examples:
CVE Identifier "CVE-2015-0313" Cited in Numerous Security Advisories and News Media References about a Zero-Day Adobe Flash Vulnerability, February 12, 2015
Other news articles may be found by searching on "CVE-2015-0313" using your preferred search engine. Also, the CVE Identifier page https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2015-0313 includes a list of advisories used as references.
CVE Identifier "CVE-2015-0235" Cited in Numerous Security Advisories and News Media References about "Ghost" Vulnerability, January 30, 2015
"CVE-2015-0235" was cited in numerous major advisories, posts, and news media references related to the recent Ghost vulnerability, including the following examples:
Other news articles may be found by searching on "CVE-2015-0235" using your preferred search engine. Also, the CVE Identifier page https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2015-0235 includes a list of advisories used as references.
Tripwire.com Website, January 20, 2015
CVE is mentioned in a January 20, 2014 article about responsible vulnerability disclosure entitled "Hacker halted… What is it?" on the Tripwire, Inc.'s State of Security blog. The article is a follow-up to a presentation by Tripwire's Vulnerability and Exposures Research Team at "Hacker Halted 2014" about the vulnerability disclosure process and the turnaround times for creating patches.
CVE is mentioned in a section of the article entitled "Responsible Disclosure," when the author states:
"There are a few steps to properly disclose a vulnerability to a vendor.
The author concludes the article as follows: "If we don't properly disclose vulnerabilities, we not only hurt ourselves but we hurt others. It's like driving home drunk — the moment you get into your vehicle you put your life, and others, at risk. While a vulnerability may not be as dire, we need to work together with the vendors to properly disclose and fix vulnerabilities."
TechWorld.com, January 5, 2015
CVE is mentioned in a January 5, 2015 article entitled "Think that software library is safe to use? Think again…" on TechWorld.com. The main topic of the article is that third-party software code libraries and components are not bug-free and that the "major patching efforts triggered by the Heartbleed, Shellshock and POODLE flaws last year highlight the effect of critical vulnerabilities in third-party code. The flaws affected software that runs on servers, desktop computers, mobile devices and hardware appliances, affecting millions of consumers and businesses."
CVE is first referenced as an example when the author states: "One example… is a vulnerability discovered in 2006… The flaw was among several that affected LibTIFF and were fixed in a new release at the time. It was tracked as CVE-2006-3459 in the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures database." CVE is mentioned again in a quote about this example by Risk Based Security, Inc.'s Chief Research Officer, Carsten Eiram, who states: "In 2010, a vulnerability was fixed in Adobe Reader, which turned out to be one of the vulnerabilities covered by CVE-2006-3459. For four years, a vulnerable and outdated version of LibTIFF had been bundled with Adobe Reader, and it was even proven to be exploitable. Adobe Systems has since become one of the software vendors taking the threat of flaws in third-party components seriously. They've made major improvements to their process of tracking and addressing vulnerabilities in the third-party libraries and components used in their products."
Visit CVE-2006-3459 to learn more about the issue cited above. To learn about "Heartbleed" see CVE-2014-0160; for "Bash Shellshock" see CVE-2014-6271, CVE-2014-7169, CVE-2014-7186, CVE-2014-7187, CVE-2014-6277, and CVE-2014-6278; and for "POODLE" see CVE-2014-3566.
CVE Identifier "CVE-2014-9295" Cited in Numerous Security Advisories and News Media References about the Apple/Linux Network Time Protocol Vulnerability, December 2014
"CVE-2014-9295" was cited in numerous major advisories, posts, and news media references related to the recent Network Time Protocol vulnerability affecting Apple and Linux operating systems, including the following examples:
Other news articles may be found by searching on "CVE-2014-9295" using your preferred search engine. Also, the CVE Identifier page https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2014-9295 includes a list of advisories used as references.
CVE Identifier "CVE-2014-9222" Cited in Numerous Security Advisories and News Media References about "Misfortune Cookie" Vulnerability, December 2014
"CVE-2014-9222" was cited in numerous major advisories, posts, and news media references related to the recent Misfortune Cookie vulnerability, including the following examples:
Other news articles may be found by searching on "CVE-2014-9222" using your preferred search engine. Also, the CVE Identifier page https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2014-9222 includes a list of advisories used as references.
eWeek.com, December 20, 2014
"CVE-2014-9390" was cited in a December 20, 2014 article entitled "Git Vulnerability Exposed; Patch Now or Be Hacked Later" on eWeek.com. CVE is mentioned at the beginning of the article when the author states: "A new vulnerability has been reported and was patched on Dec. 18 in the widely used open-source Git source-code management system. The vulnerability has been identified as CVE-2014-9390 and impacts Git clients running on Windows and Mac OS X. Git is an open-source source-code management system used by developers on Linux, Windows and Mac OS X, and includes both a host server-side component as well as a local client on developer machines. Git is also the open-source technology behind the popular GitHub code repository. Linus Torvalds, best known as the creator of the open-source Linux operating system, developed Git. Somewhat ironically, the author of the rival Mercurial open-source version control system first discovered the CVE-2014-9390 issue, which also impacts Mercurial."
CVE is mentioned again when the author notes that patches are now available for the issue: "The fix for the CVE-2014-9390 vulnerability is now present in the new Git v2.2.1 release and has also been patched in Mercurial version 3.2.3. Although the issue only directly affects Windows and Mac OS X users, Linux users are also being advised to be cautious." CVE is mentioned for a third time at the end of the article, as follows: "Metasploit is often the first place where new exploits come for security researchers to be able to test vulnerabilities. It is likely that an exploit for CVE-2014-9390 will find its way into Metasploit at some point to be able to demonstrate the vulnerability."
Visit CVE-2014-9390 to learn more about this issue.
Infosecurity-Magazine.com, December 11, 2014
CVE is mentioned in a December 11, 2014 article entitled "ICS-CERT: BlackEnergy Attacks on Critical Infrastructure" on Infosecurity-Magazine.com. The main focus of the article is a "sophisticated malware campaign that has compromised numerous industrial control systems (ICS) environments using a variant of the BlackEnergy malware appears to be targeting internet-connected human-machine interfaces (HMIs). The BlackEnergy campaign has been ongoing since at least 2011, and the United States' ICS-CERT recently published information and technical indicators about it… "
CVE is mentioned when the author states: "Typical malware deployments have included modules that search out any network-connected file shares and removable media for additional lateral movement within the affected environment. Analysis suggests that the actors likely used automated tools to discover and compromise vulnerable systems as an initial vector. For instance, the organization's analysis has identified that systems running GE's Cimplicity HMI with a direct connection to the internet are being targeted using an exploit for a vulnerability in GE's Cimplicity HMI product that has been known since at least January 2012. GE has patched the vulnerability, CVE-2014-0751, so users should update their systems immediately."
Visit CVE-2014-0751 to learn more about this issue.
eWeek.com, December 9, 2014
CVE is mentioned in a December 9, 2014 article entitled "Microsoft Fixes 24 Flaws in 2014's Last Patch Tuesday" on eWeek.com.
CVE is mentioned at the very beginning of the article when the author states: "Microsoft came out with its December Patch Tuesday update, marking the final set of regularly scheduled security updates for 2014. In total, Microsoft is fixing 24 unique Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVEs) this month, across seven security advisories. Of those seven security advisories, Microsoft rated only three as critical. One of the critical advisories is MS14-080, which patches 14 CVEs in Microsoft's Internet Explorer (IE) Web browser. The December CVE count in IE is actually a decline from the 17 CVEs patched in November's Patch Tuesday update."
Visit the Microsoft Security Bulletin Summary for December 2014 for more information about these issues.